Casino City's Global Gaming Almanac - 2023 Edition

2023 Edition GlobalGamingAlmanac.com CasinoCityPress.com Your Guide to the Gaming Industry Star Gold Coast Casino, Queensland, Australia A Casino City Press Publication Casino City’s GLOBAL GAMING ALMANAC Worldwide Geographic Market Overviews, Market Summaries by Country and State or Territory, Gaming Property Facility and Amenity Profiles

2023 Edition Casino City's GLOBAL GAMING ALMANAC Worldwide Geographic Market Overviews, Gaming Property Facility and Amenity Profiles, Market Summaries by Country and by State or Territory A Casino City Press Publication GlobalGamingAlmanac.com  CasinoCityPress.com

4 Casino City’s Global Gaming Almanac Copyright © 2023 by Casino City Press. All rights reserved. Cover photo of the Star Gold Coast Casino sourced from Darren Tierney / Shutterstock.com. Published by Casino City Press. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning, or otherwise, except as permitted under Section 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act, without the prior written permission of the Publisher. Requests to the Publisher for permission to make copies of any part of this publication should be addressed to: Permissions Department Casino City Press 33 Needham Street Newton, Massachusetts 02461-1615 Phone: +1.617.332.2850 E-mail: permissions@casinocitypress.com Casino City ® is a registered service mark of Casino City Press. This publication is designed to provide accurate and authoritative information in regard to the subject matter covered. It is sold with the understanding that the publisher is not engaged in rendering professional services. If expert assistance is required, the services of a competent professional person should be sought. Although every precaution has been taken in the preparation of this book, the publisher and authors assume no responsibility for errors or omissions. Neither is any liability assumed for damages resulting from the use of the information contained herein. Casino City Press appreciates feedback concerning the contents of this publication. Comments can be sent via email to comments@casinocitypress.com. Please be sure to include both the name of the publication and your contact information. This publication is available in both print and online formats. A companion online service, Casino City’s GlobalGamingAlmanac.com, is also available that provides access to the current and all prior online editions of this publication. The online service also provides continuously updated information and offers source data used in the preparation of this publication in digital format. More complete information about all of our publications can be found on our website at CasinoCityPress.com. Casino City’s Global Gaming Almanac ISSN 1550-2171 (print) ISSN 2993-186X (online) ISBN 978-1-60627-190-2 (print) ISBN 978-1-60627-191-9 (online) Casino City’s GlobalGamingAlmanac.com ISSN 2993-1894 (online) Printed in the United States of America First Printing: June 2023 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

Table of Contents Casino City’s Global Gaming Almanac 5 Table of Contents Table of Contents ......................................................... 5 Preface .......................................................................... 9 Overview of Gaming Worldwide............................... 11 Gaming in Africa........................................................ 17 Algeria ................................................................... 19 Angola ................................................................... 19 Benin...................................................................... 20 Botswana ............................................................... 20 Burkina Faso .......................................................... 22 Burundi .................................................................. 22 Cameroon............................................................... 22 Cape Verde ............................................................ 23 Central African Republic....................................... 23 Chad ....................................................................... 23 Comoros................................................................. 23 Democratic Republic of Congo ............................. 23 Djibouti .................................................................. 24 Equatorial Guinea .................................................. 24 Ethiopia.................................................................. 25 Gabon..................................................................... 25 Gambia................................................................... 25 Ghana ..................................................................... 26 Guinea.................................................................... 27 Ivory Coast ............................................................ 27 Kenya ..................................................................... 28 Lesotho .................................................................. 30 Liberia.................................................................... 31 Madagascar ............................................................ 31 Malawi ................................................................... 32 Mali........................................................................ 33 Mauritius................................................................ 34 Morocco ................................................................. 36 Mozambique .......................................................... 37 Namibia ................................................................. 38 Niger ...................................................................... 39 Nigeria ................................................................... 39 Réunion.................................................................. 40 Rwanda .................................................................. 41 Sao Tome and Principe.......................................... 41 Senegal .................................................................. 41 Seychelles .............................................................. 42 Sierra Leone .......................................................... 43 South Africa .......................................................... 43 Eastern Cape .................................................... 48 Free State ......................................................... 55 Gauteng ........................................................... 61 KwaZulu-Natal ................................................ 71 Limpopo .......................................................... 79 Mpumalanga .................................................... 85 North West Province ....................................... 93 Northern Cape ............................................... 100 Western Cape ................................................ 106 Swaziland ............................................................ 113 Tanzania .............................................................. 114 Togo..................................................................... 115 Tunisia ................................................................. 115 Uganda................................................................. 116 Zambia................................................................. 116 Zimbabwe ............................................................ 117 Gaming in Asia and the Middle East ....................... 119 Armenia ............................................................... 120 Azerbaijan ........................................................... 121 Bahrain ................................................................ 122 Cambodia............................................................. 122 China ................................................................... 125 Egypt ................................................................... 126 Hong Kong .......................................................... 128 India ..................................................................... 134 Indonesia ............................................................. 137 Iraq....................................................................... 137 Israel .................................................................... 137 Japan .................................................................... 138 Kazakhstan .......................................................... 142 Laos ..................................................................... 143 Lebanon ............................................................... 143 Macau .................................................................. 144

Table of Contents 6 Casino City’s Global Gaming Almanac Malaysia .............................................................. 155 Mongolia ............................................................. 156 Myanmar ............................................................. 157 Nepal ................................................................... 157 North Korea......................................................... 159 Philippines........................................................... 159 Cagayan Economic Zone and Free Port........ 166 Saudi Arabia ........................................................ 167 Singapore............................................................. 167 South Korea......................................................... 172 Sri Lanka ............................................................. 174 Taiwan ................................................................. 175 Thailand............................................................... 176 Turkey ................................................................. 177 Turkmenistan....................................................... 178 United Arab Emirates.......................................... 178 Vietnam ............................................................... 179 Gaming in the Caribbean ......................................... 183 Anguilla............................................................... 184 Antigua and Barbuda........................................... 184 Aruba ................................................................... 185 Bahamas .............................................................. 188 Barbados.............................................................. 189 Bermuda .............................................................. 190 Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba ........................ 191 British Virgin Islands .......................................... 191 Curaçao ............................................................... 191 Dominica ............................................................. 202 Dominican Republic............................................ 202 Grenada ............................................................... 207 Guadeloupe ......................................................... 207 Haiti ..................................................................... 207 Jamaica ................................................................ 207 Martinique ........................................................... 215 Puerto Rico .......................................................... 216 Saint Kitts and Nevis........................................... 220 Saint Lucia .......................................................... 221 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines ....................... 222 Sint Maarten ........................................................ 222 Trinidad and Tobago ........................................... 223 Turks and Caicos Islands .................................... 225 United States Virgin Islands................................ 225 Gaming in Central and South America ....................229 Argentina..............................................................230 Belize ...................................................................242 Bolivia ..................................................................243 Brazil ....................................................................244 Chile .....................................................................245 Colombia ..............................................................249 Costa Rica ............................................................256 Ecuador ................................................................261 El Salvador ...........................................................262 French Guiana ......................................................262 Guatemala ............................................................262 Guyana .................................................................263 Honduras ..............................................................263 Nicaragua .............................................................264 Panama .................................................................266 Paraguay...............................................................275 Peru ......................................................................277 Suriname ..............................................................283 Uruguay................................................................284 Venezuela.............................................................288 Gaming in Europe.....................................................291 Åland Islands .......................................................295 Albania .................................................................296 Alderney...............................................................297 Andorra ................................................................298 Austria ..................................................................298 Belarus .................................................................305 Belgium ................................................................308 Bosnia and Herzegovina ......................................322 Bulgaria ................................................................324 Croatia ..................................................................331 Cyprus ..................................................................341 Czech Republic ....................................................346 Denmark...............................................................368 Estonia..................................................................374 Faroe Islands ........................................................380 Finland .................................................................380 France...................................................................391 Georgia.................................................................426 Germany...............................................................427 Schleswig-Holstein ........................................454

Table of Contents Casino City’s Global Gaming Almanac 7 Gibraltar ............................................................... 455 Greece .................................................................. 456 Guernsey .............................................................. 463 Hungary ............................................................... 463 Iceland ................................................................. 468 Ireland .................................................................. 469 Isle of Man........................................................... 477 Italy ...................................................................... 479 Jersey ................................................................... 488 Kosovo ................................................................. 489 Latvia ................................................................... 489 Liechtenstein........................................................ 501 Lithuania .............................................................. 501 Luxembourg......................................................... 513 Macedonia ........................................................... 513 Malta .................................................................... 517 Moldova ............................................................... 522 Monaco ................................................................ 523 Montenegro.......................................................... 525 Netherlands .......................................................... 526 Norway ................................................................ 541 Poland .................................................................. 545 Portugal................................................................ 552 Romania ............................................................... 555 Russia................................................................... 559 Serbia ................................................................... 563 Slovakia ............................................................... 566 Slovenia ............................................................... 570 Spain .................................................................... 577 Sweden................................................................. 592 Switzerland .......................................................... 597 Ukraine ................................................................ 604 United Kingdom .................................................. 606 Gaming in North America........................................ 669 Canada ................................................................. 671 Mexico ................................................................. 673 United States ........................................................ 675 Gaming in Oceania................................................... 683 Australia............................................................... 684 Australian Capital Territory........................... 687 New South Wales .......................................... 694 Northern Territory ......................................... 704 Queensland .................................................... 713 South Australia .............................................. 724 Tasmania ....................................................... 731 Victoria .......................................................... 741 Western Australia .......................................... 752 Christmas Island .................................................. 760 Cook Islands ........................................................ 761 Fiji ....................................................................... 761 French Polynesia ................................................. 761 Marshall Islands .................................................. 761 Nauru ................................................................... 762 New Caledonia .................................................... 762 New Zealand........................................................ 762 Norfolk Island...................................................... 772 Northern Mariana Islands .................................... 772 Palau .................................................................... 773 Papua New Guinea .............................................. 773 Samoa .................................................................. 774 Solomon Islands .................................................. 774 Vanuatu ............................................................... 775 Gaming on Cruise Ships .......................................... 777 Gaming Property Owners ........................................ 795 Gaming Properties Ranked by Size ......................... 841 Gaming Machines................................................ 841 Table Games ........................................................ 849 Poker Tables ........................................................ 857 Bingo Seats.......................................................... 865 Gaming Positions ................................................ 871 Hotel Rooms........................................................ 879 Gaming Properties Grouped by Property Type ....... 887 Planned ................................................................ 887 Under Construction ............................................. 887 Casinos ................................................................ 888 Casino-Hotels ...................................................... 913 Racinos ................................................................ 919 Dog Tracks .......................................................... 920 Horse Tracks........................................................ 921 Casino Cruises ..................................................... 927 Cruise Ships......................................................... 927 Card Rooms ......................................................... 929 Poker Games........................................................ 931 Bingo Halls.......................................................... 938 Appendix A: Assumptions and Methodology.......... 943

8 Casino City’s Global Gaming Almanac Casino City's Global Gaming Almanac Ordering Please visit our website for current information about our publications and to order online or take a free trial. Web: CasinoCityPress.com E-mail: order@CasinoCityPress.com Phone: +1.800.490.1715 x 610 +1.617.332.2850 x 610 Fax: +1.617.964.2280 Content Updates If you have corrections or updates to information in the almanac, or suggestions for improvements in future editions, please contact our content research department. Web: CasinoCityPress.com E-mail: content@CasinoCityPress.com Phone: +1.800.490.1715 x 630 +1.617.332.2850 x 630 Fax: +1.617.964.2280

Preface Casino City’s Global Gaming Almanac 9 Preface We are pleased to publish this 16th edition of Casino City's Global Gaming Almanac. This new edition provides market, financial, legal, and regulatory information about land-based and online gambling for more than 200 regions and jurisdictions around the world. From a summary of each country's gaming activity to the details of the participating properties, this almanac furnishes a complete overview of gaming worldwide. We also offer the information in this publication through an online service available at GlobalGamingAlmanac.com. This almanac is one of three publications that together comprise Casino City's Gaming Analyst Package. The other publications are Casino City's North American Gaming Almanac and Casino City's Indian Gaming Business Report. The summary information for North America included in this almanac relies on the more detailed information provided in these other publications. This almanac has five primary areas of focus within each jurisdiction. First, the major market segments are described, including casino and card room gaming, lotteries, commercial bingo, race wagering, sports betting and online gaming. Information on recent revenue statistics, the historical and current regulatory environment, an overview of pending legislation, and major trends is included. Second, summary tables show the distribution and total numbers for types of gaming facilities, gaming devices (including slots, video lottery terminals, and electronic bingo), and gaming tables (including poker) within the jurisdiction. Other summarized statistics include casino square footage, convention square footage, number of rooms, restaurants and entertainment venues. Third, 6,000 gaming properties are covered across the jurisdictions. Details provided for individual properties include physical address, phone and fax numbers, website and e-mail addresses, property owner, types of table games, restaurant names and cuisines, entertainment venues, attractions and hours of operation. All the summarized statistics listed above are also provided for individual properties. Fourth, for each gambling activity in a jurisdiction, the appropriate regulatory body is shown with name, location and contact information. Gaming-related associations are also listed for each jurisdiction. Finally, current and historic activity-specific revenue charts and tables are provided. This data is not included for all jurisdictions, but we hope to see the number of jurisdictions furnishing revenue figures increase with each edition. This data is collected from regulatory agencies and commissions around the world. Specifically, the data includes: • Four years of calendar year net gaming revenue by gaming activity. The four calendar years of data are presented in local currency and U.S. dollars for all jurisdictions. The data is also presented in inflation-adjusted terms using December 2021 as the base. See the appendix for details of the calculations required to produce the revenue data presented in this book. • Five-year revenue bar charts for each gaming activity in each jurisdiction. Inflation-adjusted and U.S. dollar charts are included for each available jurisdiction as well. • Summary tables with four years of revenue, revenue change since prior year, inflation-adjusted revenue and inflation-adjusted revenue change since prior year for each gaming activity. • Raw revenue data tables and, when obtainable, tables of taxes collected per gaming activity. Casino City's Global Gaming Almanac also includes an ownership section that lists more than 400 gaming property owners worldwide. Along with contact information, the ownership details show the properties owned

Preface 10 Casino City’s Global Gaming Almanac and ownership share. Ranked lists of the largest gaming properties worldwide based on a variety of criteria and lists of gaming properties organized by property type are also provided. Casino City’s GlobalGamingAlmanac.com online service complements the print edition of the almanac with a variety of features and additional information. Interactive maps are provided showing the location of every gaming property covered in the almanac. You can zoom in on the maps to see close-up satellite images of properties and click on a property icon to see its details. A market analyzer tool is provided that shows a variety of statistics for a given gaming property in relation to all properties in a designated surrounding geographic area. More than 800 annual reports of gaming business based outside of North America are also available in addition to online access to the current and all prior editions of the almanac. The creation of Casino City's Global Gaming Almanac and Casino City’s GlobalGamingAlmanac.com online service and the development of the infrastructure required to support their production and the production of the other gaming analyst products were a massive effort involving many disciplines by a team of very dedicated people. We're proud of the effort put forth by every employee of Casino City Press. Steve Bloom, Vice President of Engineering, has overall responsibility for the software engineering efforts required to create the new editions of the almanac and online service, including database design, data-entry applications, and data extract procedures, in addition to managing the design and layout of the book and online service. Andrea Mullaney created the cover artwork for the almanac and the graphics and product tutorial included in the online service. Paul Mogilevsky, Publications Project Manager, had overall product management responsibility and worked closely with the development and content teams to manage the research, analysis and production work required to publish the new edition of the almanac. Paul was a major contributor, gathering financial data, compiling property and game counts, updating gaming jurisdiction summary descriptions and performing quality assurance reviews and final book production. Casino City’s content team is responsible for most of our data collection and update efforts. Simply stated, the new edition of the almanac and the online service would not exist without the dedication of the entire content team. Nancy Reiff and Michael Zadig were responsible for the updated property lists, property details, property associations, and agency and commission data included in this edition. Gary Trask was responsible for gaming jurisdiction descriptions. Other content development team members include Carol Heller, Daniel Ippolito, Emma Carpenter, Jarrod LeBlanc and Nancy Troy. Finally, we'd like to thank you, our customer. It is your words of encouragement and appreciation, your suggestions, and your overwhelming acceptance of our products that make our efforts both rewarding and possible. Michael A. Corfman Sylvia F. Corfman Chief Executive Officer Chief Operating Officer Casino City Press Casino City Press

World Casino City’s Global Gaming Almanac 11 Overview of Gaming Worldwide Overview As you survey the world, you will find forms of legal gambling almost everywhere. Legalized gambling has become the norm over the past 25 years as more and more jurisdictions have tapped the tremendous revenue source provided by the taxation and regulation of gambling. Currently, many governments are increasing their efforts to either expand legal gambling or further regulate existing gambling. In the few places left where gambling is still illegal for religious or ideological reasons, there are proponents making a strong case for its introduction. As the tide has turned, the holdouts have seen residents travel from their countries and states to gamble in neighboring jurisdictions, bringing their money and potential tax revenue with them. Today, over 180 countries participate in some kind of legal gambling. With the proliferation of online gambling, plus the still significant amount of illegal gambling around the world, we can safely say that most people will find an outlet for their gambling needs. Gaming Machine Summary Gaming Machines Slots......................................... 1,529,278 52.2% Video Gaming Machines ............. 91,687 3.1% Amusements with Prizes............ 723,057 24.7% Video Lottery Terminals............ 217,305 7.4% Electronic Gaming Machines..... 360,998 12.3% Electronic Bingo ............................ 9,081 0.3% Total ........................................ 2,931,406 100.0% Gaming Profile by Type of Location Locations Bingo Halls .................................... 5,785 3.5% Card Rooms ..................................... 340 0.2% Casinos ........................................... 7,704 4.7% Gaming Machine Outlets ........... 147,404 90.1% Jai-Alai Frontons................................ 6 0.0% OTB Facilities .................................. 320 0.2% Racinos............................................. 111 0.1% Ships with Casinos ........................... 270 0.2% Tracks............................................. 1,580 1.0% Total ........................................... 163,520 100.0% All Gaming Machines Bingo Halls .................................. 56,614 1.9% Card Rooms ...................................... 40 0.0% Casinos.................................... 1,080,016 36.8% Gaming Machine Outlets ........ 1,673,339 57.1% Jai-Alai Frontons............................ 2,615 0.1% OTB Facilities ................................ 1,107 0.0% Racinos......................................... 93,515 3.2% Ships with Casinos ....................... 24,160 0.8% Total ........................................ 2,931,406 100.0% Slots Bingo Halls .................................... 5,000 0.3% Casinos ....................................... 988,483 64.6% Gaming Machine Outlets ........... 458,510 30.0% Jai-Alai Frontons............................ 2,615 0.2% Racinos......................................... 50,510 3.3% Ships with Casinos ....................... 24,160 1.6% Total ........................................ 1,529,278 100.0% Casinos ......................................... 55,620 60.7% Gaming Machine Outlets.............. 26,792 29.2% OTB Facilities ................................ 1,107 1.2% Racinos ........................................... 8,168 8.9% Total ........................................ 1,620,965 100.0% Video Lottery Terminals Casinos ......................................... 15,214 7.0% Gaming Machine Outlets............ 168,454 77.5% Racinos ......................................... 33,637 15.5% Total ........................................... 217,305 100.0% Electronic Bingo Bingo Halls..................................... 8,150 89.7% Casinos ............................................. 631 6.9% Racinos ............................................. 300 3.3% Total ............................................... 9,081 100.0% Amusements with Prizes Casinos ............................................... 3 0.0% Gaming Machine Outlets............ 723,054 100.0% Total ........................................... 723,057 100.0% Electronic Gaming Machines Bingo Halls................................... 43,464 12.0% Card Rooms....................................... 40 0.0% Casinos ......................................... 20,065 5.6% Gaming Machine Outlets............ 296,529 82.1% Racinos ............................................. 900 0.2% Total ........................................... 360,998 100.0% Table Games Including Poker Bingo Halls......................................... 9 0.0% Card Rooms.................................... 3,653 5.1% Casinos ......................................... 63,788 88.3% Gaming Machine Outlets.................. 514 0.7% Jai-Alai Frontons ............................... 85 0.1% Racinos ........................................... 2,250 3.1% Ships with Casinos ......................... 1,944 2.7% Total ............................................. 72,243 100.0% Poker Tables Card Rooms.................................... 2,112 20.4% Casinos ........................................... 7,104 68.5% Gaming Machine Outlets.................. 161 1.6% Jai-Alai Frontons ............................... 85 0.8% Racinos ............................................. 866 8.4% Ships with Casinos ............................ 38 0.4% Total ............................................. 10,366 100.0% Table Games Excluding Poker Bingo Halls......................................... 9 0.0% Card Rooms.................................... 1,541 2.5% Casinos ......................................... 56,684 91.6% Gaming Machine Outlets.................. 353 0.6% Racinos ........................................... 1,384 2.2% Ships with Casinos ......................... 1,906 3.1% Total ............................................. 61,877 100.0% Gaming Profile by Geographic Location Locations Africa.............................................. 2,195 1.3% Asia & Middle East .......................... 587 0.4% Caribbean ......................................... 941 0.6% Central & South America ............... 3,832 2.3% Europe ........................................ 128,088 78.3% North America.............................. 21,285 13.0% Oceania........................................... 6,378 3.9%

World 12 Casino City’s Global Gaming Almanac Cruise Ships ..................................... 214 0.1% Total ............................................163,520 100.0% All Gaming Machines Africa ........................................... 61,050 2.1% Asia & Middle East...................... 51,711 1.8% Caribbean ..................................... 35,580 1.2% Central & South America............312,798 10.7% Europe ......................................1,253,621 42.8% North America ............................985,607 33.6% Oceania .......................................211,418 7.2% Cruise Ships ................................. 19,621 0.7% Total .........................................2,931,406 100.0% Slots Africa ........................................... 31,346 2.0% Asia & Middle East...................... 51,711 3.4% Caribbean ..................................... 25,580 1.7% Central & South America............312,798 20.5% Europe .........................................306,696 20.1% North America ............................764,693 50.0% Oceania ........................................ 16,833 1.1% Cruise Ships ................................. 19,621 1.3% Total .........................................1,529,278 100.0% Video Gaming Machines North America ............................. 91,687 100.0% Video Lottery Terminals Caribbean ..................................... 10,000 4.6% Europe .......................................... 91,115 41.9% North America ............................116,190 53.5% Total ............................................217,305 100.0% Electronic Bingo Africa ............................................... 300 3.3% North America ............................... 8,781 96.7% Total ............................................... 9,081 100.0% Amusements with Prizes Europe .........................................723,057 100.0% Electronic Gaming Machines Africa ........................................... 29,404 8.1% Europe .........................................132,753 36.8% North America ............................... 4,256 1.2% Oceania .......................................194,585 53.9% Total ............................................360,998 100.0% Table Games Including Poker Africa ............................................. 1,869 2.6% Asia & Middle East...................... 13,474 18.7% Caribbean ....................................... 1,372 1.9% Central & South America............... 3,844 5.3% Europe .......................................... 17,214 23.8% North America ............................. 30,746 42.6% Oceania .......................................... 2,015 2.8% Cruise Ships ................................... 1,709 2.4% Total ............................................. 72,243 100.0% Poker Tables Africa ............................................... 159 1.5% Asia & Middle East.......................... 213 2.1% Caribbean ......................................... 184 1.8% Central & South America................. 350 3.4% Europe ............................................ 2,783 26.8% North America ............................... 6,493 62.6% Oceania ............................................ 157 1.5% Cruise Ships ...................................... 27 0.3% Total ............................................. 10,366 100.0% Table Games Excluding Poker Africa ............................................. 1,710 2.8% Asia & Middle East...................... 13,261 21.4% Caribbean ....................................... 1,188 1.9% Central & South America ............... 3,494 5.6% Europe .......................................... 14,431 23.3% North America.............................. 24,253 39.2% Oceania........................................... 1,858 3.0% Cruise Ships.................................... 1,682 2.7% Total ............................................. 61,877 100.0% Casino and Card Room Gaming Our research shows that more than 100 countries around the world have legalized casino and card room gambling. We consider casinos to be properties that offer gaming machines and table games or properties that offer house-banked table games. Properties that offer poker exclusively or a combination of poker and player-banked games are classified as card rooms. Gaming machine outlets include locations that offer gaming machine products exclusively, from slot halls to limited payout machine locations such as pubs, restaurants and grocery stores. Trends for the casino segment include increased slot machine revenue share of total casino revenue and the expansion of additional food, beverage and entertainment options as part of the casino experience. With new regulatory schemes in existing markets, for example, in the United Kingdom and Macau, casino gambling is set to include larger, more resort-style properties. As a note, although they represent one of the most vigorous gaming markets, we have decided against adding pachinko machines and their locations to the statistical summaries that follow. Lotteries Lotteries are as widespread as casinos and card rooms, with more than 100 countries offering some kind of lottery product. For the most part, lotteries are controlled by the government and contribute to the public good. Race Wagering Horse and dog tracks have felt increasing financial pressure from the proliferation of casinos and lotteries over the past decade. A large number of tracks, have had to introduce casinos, card rooms, slot machines and VLTs to subsidize the racing operations. Fortunately, in jurisdictions where the racing industry has suffered from competition, legislators have been sympathetic to its plight and in many cases passed legislation allowing the tracks to expand their operations. Other strategies include developing a global circuit of premier races and using tax revenue from land-based facilities to subsidize tracks. More than 90 nations participate in the race betting industry. Sports Betting Sports betting is widespread throughout the world. Almost all the major countries in the world offer some type of sports betting. Countries with less developed gambling industries tend to allow large international gaming companies to offer sports betting services on their behalf in exchange for licensing fees and taxes. Since the Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act of 1992 was abolioshed by the U.S. Supreme Court in May of 2018, 25 states and Washington, D.C., have passed bills that legalize sports betting, with Louisiana, Maryland, and South Dakota passing new ballot initiatives in November 2020,

World Casino City’s Global Gaming Almanac 13 Online Gaming As the online gaming industry matures, so do the approaches to regulating it. In Europe, the single-market approach, where online gaming licenses from one country or jurisdiction are recognized by other countries, is quickly giving way to a country-by-country licensing approach. In this model, individual jurisdictions license and tax online gaming operators and create different sets of regulations and tax rules for operators to follow. Regulatory models range from highly restrictive – just a few licenses granted – to wide open (no cap on licenses). Tax models vary widely, from taxes on turnover to taxes on profits or revenue. Additionally, many of the European regulations prevent players from playing with people in other countries. In Canada, online gambling is regulated at the provincial level, with different rules and laws in each province. And in the United States, the Department of Justice has stepped up enforcement activities against online gambling operators, while lobbying to license and regulate online gaming at both the state and federal levels has increased dramatically. At press time, 14 U.S. states offered some fom of regulated online gambling (sports betting, poker and/or casino games). Charitable Gaming Charitable gaming is traditionally allowed in jurisdictions as a way for small local charities to generate revenues for their causes. Raffles, bingo, poker, twenty-one, paddlewheels, pull-tabs and other low-technology games are the usual methods for this type of gambling. An exception to this rule is the large charitable casinos in Canada. Commercial Bingo Bingo is a popular form of entertainment, available in some form in every part of the world. There are many variations to the rules and the ways it can be played. Traditional paper bingo is still very common, but electronic bingo is also popular. Some electronic bingo machines are virtually indistinguishable from traditional slot machines. In some jurisdictions, bingo is offered in lottery form. It is not unusual for bingo halls to also operate slot machines or VLTs on the same premises. Associations ASIS International 1625 Prince Street Alexandria, Virginia 22314-2882 (703) 519-6200 www.asisonline.org Founded in 1955, ASIS International is an organization for security professionals that develops programs and materials which address matters of security. ASIS promotes the value of the security management profession and helps create guidelines and standards for the industry. ASIS's Gaming and Wagering Protection Council focuses on issues surrounding security and surveillance management for professionals working in gaming or wagering venues. Association of Gaming Equipment Manufacturers PO Box 50049 Henderson, Nevada (702) 812-6932 www.agem.org AGEM is a nonprofit international trade association representing manufacturers and suppliers of electronic gaming devices, lotteries, systems, table games, online technology, key components, and support products and services for the gaming industry. AGEM works to further the interests of gaming equipment suppliers throughout the world. Through political action, regulatory influence, trade show partnerships, educational alliances, information dissemination and good corporate citizenship, the members of AGEM work together to create benefits for every company within the organization. AGEM has assisted regulatory agencies and participated in the legislative process to solve problems and create a business environment where AGEM members can prosper while providing a strong level of support to education and responsible gaming initiatives. Association of Players, Casinos, and Webmasters 33 Needham Street Newton, Massachusetts 02461-1615 (617) 332-2650 Fax: (617) 964-2280 www.apcw.org The APCW is focused on sharing the latest industry news with its members through weekly video news broadcasts. Founded in 2003, its news broadcasts have been watched over 5,000,000 times. The APCW is also known for its affiliate program audits, conducted to ensure integrity in the way online gaming affiliate programs operate. Association of Racing Commissioners International 1510 Newtown Pike Suite 210 Lexington, Kentucky 40511-1255 (859) 224-7070 Fax: (859) 224-7071 www.arci.com RCI is a nonprofit trade association made up of government regulators of horse and greyhound racing. Members of the organization work to ensure integrity in racing, developing programs for drug testing and the security of wagering systems. Casino Chip and Gaming Token Collectors Club PO Box 691085 Houston, Texas 11756 (877) 422-4822 www.ccgtcc.com Established in 1988, the CCandGTCC is a nonprofit organization dedicated to the preservation of gaming history. The group collects gaming memorabilia and serves as a source of information. Esports and Online Gaming Association, Inc. 16200 SW Pacific Highway Suite H503 Tigard, Oregon 97224 (833) 463-7642 www.esoga.gg The Esports and Online Gaming Association (ESOGA) partners with organizations to bring esports and online gaming experiences to local communities. The group provides organizations with the tools and support they need. Whether hosting a dedicated esports league or looking to start an online gaming program, ESOGA offers a complete package of products and services. Esports Integrity Commission Suite 129 14 Chertsey Road Woking SY3 7FA United Kingdom esic.gg The Esports Integrity Commission (ESIC) is a not for profit members’ association established in 2015 by key esports

World 14 Casino City’s Global Gaming Almanac stakeholders to deal with issues of common interest – in particular the threat that match manipulation and betting fraud and other integrity challenges pose to esports. Membership of ESIC centres around key Principles that the members have agreed and they have also agreed to be bound by a Code of Ethics to govern their behaviour amongst themselves. ESIC is an historic coalition of businesses that are usually in competition with each other, but recognise that they are all threatened by attacks on the integrity of esports. Gambling Portal Webmasters Association 33 Needham Street Newton, Massachusetts 02461-1615 (617) 332-2850 Fax: (617) 964-2280 www.gpwa.org Established in 2001, the GPWA is the leading association for online gaming affiliates around the world. The GPWA has a focus on ethical behavior, and thousands of affiliate sites have agreed to follow the GPWA code of conduct and bear the GPWA-approved portal seal. The GPWA's community forum, with half a million posts, is where affiliates and affiliate managers interact with one another and share their perspective on every aspect of the industry. Global Gaming Women 799 9th Street Northwest Suite 700 Washington, District of Columbia 20001-5326 (202) 552-2675 Fax: (202) 552-2676 www.globalgamingwomen.org Global Gaming Women supports the development and success of women in the international gaming industry through education, mentor programs and networking. Established in 2011 by the American Gaming Association, GGW brings women in gaming together to form a network to share experiences and best practices. Hospitality Financial and Technology Professionals 11709 Boulder Lane Suite 110 Austin, Texas 78726-1832 (512) 249-5333 or (800) 646-4387 Fax: (512) 249-1533 www.hftp.org Founded in 1952, HFTP is an international association for financial and technology professionals who work in the hospitality industry, including hotels, resorts and casinos. The group provides seminars, resources and extensive networking connections for its members. Interactive Gaming Council 175-2906 West Broadway Vancouver, British Columbia V6K 2G8 Canada (604) 732-3833 Fax: (604) 677-5785 www.igcouncil.org Established in 1996, the IGC is an international nonprofit organization that provides a forum for addressing issues within the interactive gaming industry. The group promotes responsible trade guidelines and initiatives in its role as gaming's public policy advocate and a central source for information. International Association of Gaming Advisors PO Box 92495 Henderson, Nevada (702) 355-4512 Fax: (702) 543-6159 www.theiaga.org Formed in 1980, IAGA is a worldwide nonprofit organization that provides a forum for discussing important issues in global gaming. IAGA holds educational and networking events that foster collaboration among those involved in the gaming industry. International Association of Gaming Regulators 7881 West Charleston Boulevard Suite 155 Las Vegas, Nevada 89117-8326 (314) 973-4784 iagr.org The International Association of Gaming Regulators (IAGR) is composed of regulators from around the world who aim to further the efficacy of gaming regulations. The group provides a forum for discussing matters of policy and common interest as well as a point of contact for regulatory matters within the industry. International Center for Responsible Gaming 900 Cummings Center Suite 216-U Beverly, Massachusetts 01915-6182 (978) 338-6610 Fax: (978) 552-8452 www.icrg.org Formerly known as the National Center for Responsible Gambling, the ICRG is an organization that supports education and funding for problem gambling research. The group is dedicated to helping understand and address gambling disorders. International Esports Federation 615, 6F, Suyeonggangbyeon-daero 140 Haeundae-gu Korea, Republic of iesf.org The International Esports Federation works to promote Esports as a true sport beyond barriers. International Federation of Horseracing Authorities 46 Place Abel Gance 92655 Boulogne Cedex France +33 1 49 10 20 15 Fax: +33 1 47 61 93 32 www.horseracingintfed.com The IFHA was officially established in 1993 to develop rules for horse breeding, racing and wagering; promote the welfare of jockeys and horses; and protect the quality of racing. The federation's annual International Conference addresses matters pertaining to horse racing and breeding. International Federation of Match Poker Avenue de France 28 1004 Lausanne Switzerland matchpokerfed.org The International Federation of Match Poker (IFMP) is the governing body of sports poker, promoting poker and its Match Poker variation as a skill game and a mind sport. Having evolved from its original seven member nations to more than 50 federations, IFMP is now the hub for a thriving world poker community. International Gambling Counselor Certification Board Inc 20 Cedar Boulevard Suite 204 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15228 www.igccb.org The International Gambling Counselor Certification Board (IGCCB) was established to offer voluntary National/International

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